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Aditya Pugalia - Director, Financial Markets Research
Published Date: 10 February 2019
The rally in global equities stalled last week as concerns over economic growth resurfaced amid mixed economic data. It is also possible that investors are preferring to lock in gains since the start of the year ahead of a period likely to see some resolution to key market events. Overall, the MSCI All Country index dropped -0.6% 5d. Among major sub-indices, only the MSCI Frontier Markets index closed in positive territory with gains of +0.7% 5d. Volatility rose in Europe but eased elsewhere. The V2X index rose +16.6% 5d while the VIX index and the CBOE EM ETF Volatility index dropped -2.6% 5d and -3.8% 5d respectively.
This week will see resumption of trade talks between the US and China as a high profile US delegation visits China. Further, the deadline for temporary truce reached between political parties in the US over government shutdown ends this week and the UK Prime Minister is expected to brief the Parliament on the progress made on her Brexit plan.
Most GCC equity indices are currently in positive territory for the year. The strength can be attributed to gain in banking stocks. Among GCC banks, Saudi banks have rallied +15.0% ytd and UAE banks have gained +9.2% ytd. Qatari and Omani banks have underperformed as they are in negative territory for the year.
Source: Bloomberg, Emirates NBD Research
It was a mixed week of trading for regional equities amid concentrated interest in certain sector stocks. The S&P Pan Arab Composite index added +0.5% 5d.
UAE bourses closed mixed with the DFM index losing -1.0% 5d and the ADX index adding +1.3%. The focus in the UAE continues to remain on real estate sector stocks. The DFM Real Estate and Construction index dropped -7.0% 5d with all stocks in the index closing in negative territory. Emaar Properties and related names were among the worst hit with Emaar Development losing -14.0% 5d, Emaar Properties dropping -7.4% 5d and Emaar Malls declining -5.1% 5d. With no specific corporate development, the decline appears to be simply a case of lack of investor appetite. Following the drop, the valuation differential has widened substantially. For example, Emaar Properties is now trading at 4.4x 2019E earnings and 0.5x 2019E book value compared to the MSCI EM Real Estate index which is trading at 7.2x 2019 earnings and 1.04x 2019E book value.
Elsewhere, the Qatar Exchange dropped -2.0% 5d. The decline was triggered by weakness in banking stocks with the Qatar Exchange Banks and Financial Services Index losing -2.4% 5d. It must be noted that Qatari banking stocks have underperformed their regional peers since the start of the year. The QE Banks and Financial Services index has dropped -1.4% ytd compared to a gain of +9.0% ytd in the S&P GCC Composite Banks index. The underperformance seems to be driven by lower than expected dividend payout by banks. For example, Doha Bank recommended a dividend of QAR 1 per share for 2018 compared to QAR 3 per share payout in 2017.
Elsewhere, Egyptian equities extended their positive run to sixth consecutive week with gains of +4.4% 5d. The strength continues to be driven by real estate stocks amid continued optimism over possible easing of monetary policy.
Developed market equities closed mixed amid renewed concerns over economic growth and fresh concerns over the possibility of a trade deal between the US and China. The European Commission cut its growth forecasts for all major economies in the region. The region as a whole was projected to grow by 1.3% in 2019 compared to earlier forecasts of 1.9%. The growth forecast for 2020 was also lowered to 1.6%. Overall, the S&P 500 index closed flat while the Euro Stoxx 600 index and the Nikkei index dropped -0.5% 5d and -2.2% 5d respectively.
The earnings season in the US continued to exhibit strength. With 66% of companies in the S&P 500 index having reported earnings, 71% of companies have reported a positive EPS surprise and 62% have reported a positive revenue surprise. According to FactSet, the blended earnings growth is 13.3% compared to estimates of 12.2% at the end of 2018. However, the earnings season in Europe is much weaker. With 45% of companies in the Euro Stoxx 600 index having reported earnings, 53% of companies have reported a positive surprise while 57% of companies have reported a positive revenue surprise. The earnings per share, so far, has declined -0.5% y/y.
Emerging market equities underperformed the wider market. The MSCI EM index dropped -1.4% 5d compared to a decline of -0.4% 5d in the MSCI World index.
The Reserve Bank of India cut interest rates by 25 bps at its first policy meeting of 2019. The central bank also changed the stance of monetary policy to neutral from calibrated tightening. The central bank pointed to easing of inflationary pressures as the reason behind the cut also lowered inflation forecasts for the next 12 months. The equity market reacted positively but pared gains following mixed corporate earnings. India’s Nifty index ended the week with gains of +0.5%.
A positive week for global equities
Global equities closed higher