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Khatija Haque - Head of MENA Research
Published Date: 03 October 2017
Egypt’s headline PMI declined to 47.4 in September, the lowest reading since June, signalling a sharper contraction in the private non-oil economy last month. All components of the headline index deteriorated last month, except for inventories, which declined at a slower rate than in August.
Output fell at the sharpest rate in four months, with this index declining to 46.5 in September. Panellists attributed this to “weak underlying demand”. New orders also contracted at a slightly faster rate last month. Disappointingly, new export orders fell for the first time in six months, suggesting that external demand was weaker in September as well. Survey respondents highlighted “political and economic uncertainty in neighbouring countries” as a factor hampering foreign demand.
Perhaps unsurprisingly given the weakness in output and new orders, employment declined at the sharpest rate since November 2016. However, rising staff costs may also have contributed to fewer jobs. Wage inflation has accelerated in recent months in response to the higher cost of living, although the rate of increase slowed slightly in September.
Overall input cost inflation eased in September, but producer price pressures remain high with the index at 68.8. Higher VAT was one reason given for both higher input costs and higher selling prices. Output prices increased at a slower rate last month (54.3) however, suggesting that the official CPI is likely to continue to ease.
Despite the apparent deterioration in economic conditions in September, businesses optimism improved to the highest level since June last year. Nearly 70% of firms surveyed said they expect their output to be higher in 12 months’ time, while only 11% expected their output to decline over the same period.
Source: IHS Markit, Emirates NBD Research
Egypt PMI: Back below 50.0
Saudi PMI: Private sector slows in September
UAE PMI: Steady in September
Dubai Economy Tracker: Middling